"Whatever you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it. --Goethe"
What is the optimal amount of strength training? The short answer is the least you can do while making credible gains.
Why would you do more? Like anything we pursue in life strength training has a point of diminishing returns. At some point x in no longer equals y out. Eventually 2x in starts to equal y out, then 3x and 4x in is required to equal y out. You begin to lose ground.
Think of recovery like a cup. The more volume you add the more the recovery cup is emptied to get you ready for the next workout. If you have more volume than the recovery cup can handle, you aren’t recovered in time for your next workout.
Life is very busy for the high school athlete. Numerous demands are competing for their time. In addition to the normal academic demands, athletes have sport demands. Sport demands can further be broken down into strength training demands.
The time demand is cumulative; so, if you can save some time somewhere, it’s a good thing. Time saved can be shifted to be utilized to improve another area the athlete needs improvement in. Also though, time saved can be banked, that is not spending the 20 minutes saved by having them practice 20 minutes longer at something else. This can foster improved recovery both physically and mentally from sport.
How Do We Determine The Right Volume?
What Are Some Ways To Reduce Volume In The Weight Room?
Reduce the total reps - This one is also an abvious way to reduce volume. This one can also cut down on DOMS that your athletes may experience. Delayed onset muscle soreness primarily comes from the eccentric phase of the movement and the more reps that are done, the more eccentric contractions. I'm not saying go to heavy singles, but you can cycle in some lower rep sets from time to time. What I'm really saying is reduce the reps by reducing the sets and NOT changing the amount of reps in your existing sets. Go from 3x10 to 2x10, not 2x15.
Fewer Exercises - Look at decreasing assistance work on some of the prime movements, but also consider reducing the prime movements temporarily and focussing more on the assistance movements. Many times the assistance work is not done with enough intensity as it's an after thought to the prime work. As such the assistance work doesn't reach the intensity level required to stimulate optimal gains. Consider dropping prime movements one week of every four. This will allow more intensity on the assistance work and allow the prime movers to get some much needed rest. I think you'll find the benefit of doing so. Just be sure not to add more assistance work that week. You may work to up the intensity of what is in place, but don't add more exercises or you'll defeat the purpose.